The city of San Sebastián is a compact coastal city with 185.510 inhabitants, located in a metropolitan area of 436.500 inhabitants on Spain's Atlantic coast. The city centre lies in a bay between two hills. Half the population lives in flat areas on the banks of the Urumea river and the other half in hilly areas. Proximity to the French border contributes to large amounts of international traffic for passengers and goods. San Sebastián is currently the Spanish city with the highest public transport use rate. Bus patronage is steadily growing (29 015 007 trips in 2010, averaging 144 trips/pax/year. San Sebastián took part in the CIVITAS PLUS I and II initiatives.
San Sebastián's small-scale demonstration
The area chosen for the CityMobil2 demonstration inDonostia/San Sebastian was the Gipuzkoa Science and Technology Park, an innovative and appropriate environment for operating an advanced road transport system (ARTS). There are 92 companies in the Park with 4 080 workers commuting daily, which account for approximately 12 000 journeys per day to and from the workplace. The Science Museum, the Basque Culinary Centre, a hospital and a retirement home, which together attract about 300 000 visitors per year, arelocated in the Park.
The CityMobil2 demonstration started in Donostia/SanSebastián on 6th April. The opening ceremony was attended by the most important authorities of the Basque Country and different mass media who expressed muchinterest in this kind of technology. CityMobil2 offered a last mile public transport service in the Park (no transportation service in this area had ever existed) that connected automated buses with the local bus services at the park entrance. The total distance covered was about 1.2 km with 6 marked stops alongthe route. The service was operated from Monday to Friday with three vehicles at rush hour. All vehicles are made by the French company Robosoft. About a monthlater, an EasyMile vehicle was brought to the park in order to test the interoperability of both systems.
Despite being a complex area, it has been relatively straightforward to implement the ARTS due to its specific location and its commitment to sustainable mobility over the years, which has led to exploring efficient ways to commute. The Council of Donostia/San Sebastián has strongly supported this experiment and was willing to adapt the park’s infrastructure to ensure an optimal operation of the automated bus. This initiative is aligned with the innovation strategy of the Council in the fields of urban mobility and clean and sustainable transport.
Type: Small scale
Dates: March 2016 – June 2016
Route length: Robosoft Robucity
Number of trips: 1,416 (*)
Distance covered: 1,699 (*)
Number of passengers: 900(*)
The demonstration took place in the Scientific and Technology Park of Gipuzkoa where automated vehicles interacted with cyclists,pedestrians and cars. It was connected with the urban public transport.
(*) These figures reflect the situation on 27/05/2016